Cooperative Learning: An Approach Ripe for Rediscovery
Thanks to the efficacy of horizontal (student-to-student) learning, cooperative learning promotes deep learning. The article presents the main components of collaborative learning as well as the associated limitations and pitfalls. The authors first list the five organizational principles of collaborative-learning situations, then outline the required learning skills that educators can use in guiding and observing students. The article goes on to discuss different possible strategies for building teams, which may be established randomly but also in accordance with a pre-established logical model. In a context of cooperative effort, is it preferable to conduct individual or group assessments? Both avenues are possible, and self-assessment can also be introduced to allow students to self-regulate learning. The authors stress that, despite its advantages, cooperative learning at the college level involves constraints that must be taken into account.
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