INNOVATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION: WHY AND HOW?
This article originates with a lecture on innovation in teaching, taken from the Proceedings of the 2007 AQPC symposium (Actes du colloque). Based on the ideas of Durkheim, the author begins by evoking the main reasons why teaching should be adapted to a society that is in constant evolution. Mass phenomenon tops the list with education now available to the vast majority. This results in an increase in the size of class groups and heterogeneity among students. The second incentive for innovation comes from the urgent need to counter the high failure rates in higher education, while the third resides in the new expectations of a society and an economy based on knowledge. The author then presents an example of a successful innovation, the ‘’Passeports pour le bac’’ (Passports to a bachelor degree), and describes its various stages: identification, collection and classification of prerequisites; the development of questionnaires to measure student prerequisites; the distribution of information collected in order to implement remedial actions. Finally, he describes and suggests how to innovate using the following key words: pragmatism, modesty, relevance, planning the deployment of the innovation, respect for the specificity of knowledge, congruence, permanence and support.
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